Resources-Non-infectious Health Conditions

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This resource is not meant to list every known non-infectious disease, but rather to provide some links to reliable information on some of the more common conditions. Information on other diseases and illnesses are found throughout the support curricula for problem-based and case-based learning modules and in the Table for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases.

Resources for infectious conditions can also be found in the Key Resources section.

We hope you and your students find this information to be helpful.

Allergic conditions       

NIH Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Allergic Reactions
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000005.htm

Center for Disease Control and Prevention-CDC—Fast Facts: Allergies and Hay Fever
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/allergies.htm

CDC—Food Allergies in Schools
https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/foodallergies/index.htm

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America—Allergy Facts and Figures
http://www.aafa.org/page/allergy-facts.aspx

Mayo Clinic—Allergies
 http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/allergies/symptoms-causes/dxc-20270197

Mayo Clinic—Allergies Treatment
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/allergies/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20270246

Teens Health from Nemours—Allergies
http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/allergies.html

 

Alcoholic Heart Disease

NIH—Heart Diseases (general) Medline Plus
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heartdiseases.html

NIH—National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism—The Cool Spot: The Young Teen’s Place for Info on Alcohol and Resisting Poor Pressure
https://www.thecoolspot.gov/

NIH—Medline Plus—Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000944.htm

NIH—National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)—Alcohol: A Woman’s Health Issue
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/brochurewomen/women.htm

NIH—National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism—Alcohol Alert:  Alcohol and Tobacco
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AA71/AA71.htm

Nemours Foundation—Teens Health—Alcohol
http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/alcohol/alcohol.html

American Cancer Society—Alcohol Use and Cancer
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@healthpromotions/documents/document/acsq-017622.pdf

American Heart Association—Alcohol and Heart Health
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/HealthyLiving/HealthyEating/Nutrition/Alcohol-and-Heart-Health_UCM_305173_Article.jsp#.V2qsrPkrK70

 

Arthritis

NIH—MedlinePlus—Arthritis
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/arthritis.html#cat94

NIH—Medline Plus—Arthritis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001243.htm

Arthritis Foundation—Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/juvenile-arthritis/

NIH—MedlinePlus—Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000451.htm

CDC—Arthritis
http://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/

 

Alzheimer’s Disease

NIH- Medline Plus—Alzheimer Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000760.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Alzheimer Disease video
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/anatomyvideos/000003.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Alzheimer’s Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/alzheimersdisease.html

NIH—National Institute on Aging—Alzheimer’s Disease Information and Fact Sheet
https://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet

NIHSeniorHealth—Built with You in Mind—Alzheimer’s Disease
https://nihseniorhealth.gov/alzheimersdisease/whatisalzheimersdisease/01.html

Alzheimer’s Association—Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia
http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_what_is_alzheimers.asp

CDC—Alzheimer’s Disease
https://www.cdc.gov/aging/aginginfo/alzheimers.htm

Mayo Clinic—Alzheimer’s Disease—Overview
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alzheimers-disease/home/ovc-20167098

Mayo Clinic—Alzheimer’s Disease—Symptoms and Causes
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alzheimers-disease/symptoms-causes/dxc-20167103

Mayo Clinic—Alzheimer’s Disease: Self-management
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alzheimers-disease/manage/ptc-20167176

WebMD—7 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease
http://www.webmd.com/alzheimers/guide/alzheimers-disease-stages#1

 

Anorexia

NIH-Medline Plus-Anorexia
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000362.htm    

NIH—Eating Disorders—Anorexia
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/eatingdisorders.html

NIH-National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)—Eating Disorders
https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/eating-disorders/index.shtml

NIH-National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)—Eating Disorders: About More Than Food
https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/index.shtml

National Eating Disorders Association—Eating Disorders: General Information
https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/general-information

Mayo Clinic—Anorexia Overview
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anorexia/home/ovc-20179508

Mayo Clinic—Anorexia: Symptoms and Causes
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anorexia/symptoms-causes/dxc-20179513

Web MD—Anorexia Nervosa Health Center
http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/anorexia-nervosa/default.htm

TeensHealth from Nemours—Eating Disorders
http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/eat-disorder.html

 

Aneurysm 

NIH—Medline Plus—Aneurysm
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001122.htm

NIH-Medline Plus-Aneurysm in the Brain
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001414.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-Aneurysms
https://medlineplus.gov/aneurysms.html

American Heart Association-What is an Aneurysm?
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/VascularHealth/AorticAneurysm/What-is-an-Aneurysm_UCM_454435_Article.jsp#.WW9mhITyu70

Brain Aneurysm Foundation-Warning Signs/Symptoms
https://www.bafound.org/about-brain-aneurysms/brain-aneurysm-basics/warning-signs-symptoms/

America Stroke Association—What You Should Know About Cerebral Aneurysms
http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/TypesofStroke/HemorrhagicBleeds/What-You-Should-Know-About-Cerebral-Aneurysms_UCM_310103_Article.jsp#.WW9m84Tyu70

 

Appendicitis

NIH—Medline Plus-Appendicitis
https://medlineplus.gov/appendicitis.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Appendicitis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000256.htm

NIH—National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDKD)—Appendicitis
https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/appendicitis

Mayo Clinic—Appendicitis
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/appendicitis/basics/definition/con-20023582

Healthline—Everything You Need to Know About Appendicitis
http://www.healthline.com/health/appendicitis

WebMD—Appendicitis
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-appendicitis#1

emedicinehealth—Appendicitis
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/appendicitis/article_em.htm

 

Asthma   

NIH—Medline Plus—Asthma
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000141.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Asthma in Children
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000990.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Asthma-What To Ask the Doctor (for adult asthma)
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000208.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Asthma-What To Aske the Doctor (for child asthma)
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000209.htm

NIH—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute—What is Asthma
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/asthma/

American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology—Asthma
http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/asthma

Mayo Clinic—Asthma
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/asthma/basics/definition/con-20026992

CDC—Asthma
https://www.cdc.gov/ASTHMA/

 

Autoimmune Diseases

NIH Medline Plus—Medical Encyclopedia-Autoimmune Diseases
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000816.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Autoimmune hepatitis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000245.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-Autoimmune Diseases
https://medlineplus.gov/autoimmunediseases.html

NIH—National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/Autoimmune/default.asp

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

NIH—Juvenile Arthritis
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Juv_Arthritis/default.asp

NIH-National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/juvenile-arthritis

Kid’s Health —Juvenile Arthritis
http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/arthritis/jra.html

American College of Rheumatology—Juvenile Arthritis
https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Juvenile-Arthritis

Arthritis Foundation—What is Juvenile Arthritis?
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/juvenile-arthritis/

Arthritis Foundation: Kids Get Arthritis, Too—Early Signs and Symptoms
http://www.kidsgetarthritistoo.org/about-ja/juvenile-arthritis-early-signs-and-symptoms.php

WebMD—Diagnosing Juvenile Arthritis
https://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/diagnosing-juvenile-arthritis#1

 

Bronchitis

NIH—Medline Plus—Medical Encyclopedia-Bronchitis   https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001087.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-Acute Bronchitis
https://medlineplus.gov/acutebronchitis.html

NIH-U.S. National Library of Medicine—PubMed Health—Bronchitis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0022636/

NIH-U.S. National Library of Medicine—PubMed Health—Bronchitis: Treatments
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0022640/

NIH-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-What is Bronchitis?
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/brnchi

NIH-Medline Plus-Chronic Bronchitis
https://medlineplus.gov/chronicbronchitis.html

Mayo Clinic—Bronchitis Overview, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bronchitis/home/ovc-20315098

Web MD    Acute Bronchitis
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/acute-bronchitis-topic-overview

 

Cataracts

NIH-Medline Plus-Cataract
https://medlineplus.gov/cataract.html

NIH—Medline Plus-Catarct-adult
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001001.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-The Magazine—Cataracts and Other Common Eye Diseases
https://medlineplus.gov/magazine/issues/summer14/articles/summer14pg10-11.html

NIH—Medline Plus-Cataract Removal
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002957.htm

NIH—National Eye Institute-Facts About Cataracts
https://nei.nih.gov/health/cataract/cataract_facts

NIH—National Eye Institute-Cataract
https://nei.nih.gov/health/cataract

Johns Hopkins Medicine—Cataracts FAQ
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/wilmer/conditions/cataracts_faq.html

American Academy of Ophthalmology-What Are Cataracts?
https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-are-cataracts

Mayo Clinic—Cataracts-Overview, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cataracts/home/ovc-20215123

WebMd—What Are Cataracts?
http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/cataracts/what-are-cataracts#1

 

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome    

NIH-National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-(NINDS)-Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Fact Sheet
https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Carpal-Tunnel-Syndrome-Fact-Sheet

NIH-Medline Plus-Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
https://medlineplus.gov/carpaltunnelsyndrome.html

NIH-Medline Plus-Medical Encyclopedia-Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000433.htm

American Academy of Neurology
http://tools.aan.com/apps/disorders/index.cfm?event=database:disorder.view&disorder_id=872

Mayo Clinic—Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/home/ovc-20313865

Mayo Clinic-Carpal Tunnel Syndrome—Self-management
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/manage/ptc-20313980

Mayo Clinic—Carpal Tunnel Anatomy
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/multimedia/carpal-tunnel-anatomy/img-20007899

Medicinenet-Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
http://www.medicinenet.com/carpal_tunnel_syndrome/article.htm

 

Cellulitis
NIH-Medline Plus-Cellulitis
https://medlineplus.gov/cellulitis.html

NIH-Medline Plus-Medical Encyclopedia—Cellulitis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000855.htm

Mayo Clinic—Cellulitis
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cellulitis/DS00450

MedicineNet. Com—Cellulitis
http://www.medicinenet.com/cellulitis/article.htm

WebMD—Cellulitis
http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/cellulitis#1

Healthline—Cellulitis
http://www.healthline.com/health/cellulitis

Merck Manual-Consumer Edition-Cellulitis
https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/skin-disorders/bacterial-skin-infections/cellulitis

 

Cholecystitis

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Acute Cholecystitis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000264.htm

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Gallstones
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000273.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Gallbladder Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/gallbladderdiseases.html

Mayo Clinic—Gallstones
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gallstones/home/ovc-20231394

The Merck Manual Online Medical Library  http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec10/ch140/ch140c.html

Web MD—Cholecytitis
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/tc/cholecystitis-overview

Healthline—What is cholecystitis?
http://www.healthline.com/health/acute-cholecystitis

Merck Manual—Consumer Version—Cholecystitis
https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/liver-and-gallbladder-disorders/gallbladder-and-bile-duct-disorders/cholecystitis

 

Cirrhosis

NIH—Medline Plus–Cirrhosis
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/cirrhosis.html

NIH—National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases–Cirrhosis http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/

American Liver Foundation–Cirrhosis
http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/cirrhosis/

Web MD—What is Cirrhosis?
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/cirrhosis-liver

Mayo Clinic–Cirrhosis
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

eMedicinehealth—Cirrhosis
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/cirrhosis/article_em.htm

 

Concussion  

NIH—Medline Plus—Concussion
https://medlineplus.gov/concussion.html

NIH—U.S. National Library of Medicine—Traumatic Brain Injury
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024859/

NIH—Medline Plus-the magazine—Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury
https://medlineplus.gov/magazine/issues/summer15/articles/summer15pg13.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Concussion
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000799.htm

CDC Injury Center—HEADS UP to Brian Injury Awareness
https://www.cdc.gov/headsup/index.html

CDC—What is a Concussion?
https://www.cdc.gov/headsup/basics/concussion_whatis.html

CDC—Heads Up to Parents
https://www.cdc.gov/headsup/parents/index.html

CDC—Basic Information about Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion
https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/basics.html

Mayo Clinic—Concussion Overview
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/concussion/home/ovc-20273153

Teens Health—Concussion: What To Do http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/first_aid/concussions.html

Web MD—Concussion:  Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention   http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview

 

Corneal Ulcer

NIH—Medline Plus—Corneal Ulcers http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001032.htm

NIH—National Eye Institute—Facts About The Cornea and Corneal Disease http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/cornealdisease/

Cleveland Clinic Foundation—Corneal Disease    http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Corneal_Disease/hic_Corneal_Conditions.aspx

Mayo Clinic—Corneal Abrasion (scratch) First Aid
http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/first-aid-corneal-abrasion/FA00037/METHOD=print

American Academy of Ophthalmology—EyeSmart—Contact Lens-related Infections
http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/infections/lens_related.cfm

 

Diabetes

CDC—Diabetes Home
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/home/index.html

NIH—Medline Plus-Diabetes
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001214.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-Type 1 Diabetes
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000305.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-Type 2 Diabetes
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000313.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-High Blood Sugar: Self-care
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000332.htm

NIH—Medline Plus-Gestational Diabetes
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000896.htm

The Merck Manual Online Medical Library-Diabetes Mellitus (DM) http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch165/ch165a.html

Mayo Clinic-Diabetes
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetes/DS01121

 

Diverticulitis

NIH—National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease
https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/diverticulosis-diverticulitis

NIH-Medline Plus-Diverticulitis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000257.htm

The Merck Manual Online Medical Library-Diverticulitis  http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec09/ch128/ch128c.html

Web MD-Diverticulitis
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/tc/diverticulitis-topic-overview

 

Emphysema

NIH—Medline Plus—Emphysema
https://medlineplus.gov/emphysema.html

NIH-Medline Plus—How To Breathe When You Are Short of Breath
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000053.htm

American Lung Association—Lung Health and Diseases—Emphysema
http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/emphysema/

American Lung Association—Lung Health and Diseases—COPD
http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/copd/

Mayo Clinic—Emphysema  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/emphysema/DS00296/DSECTION=symptoms

Cleveland Clinic—Emphysema
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/emphysema

Medicine Net—Emphysema
http://www.medicinenet.com/emphysema/article.htm

Web MD—Emphysema
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/emphysema

 

Fibromyalgia

NIH—Medline Plus  Fibromyalgia
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000427.htm

NIH—National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)—Questions and Answers About Fibromyalgia
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Fibromyalgia/default.asp

Mayo Clinic—Fibromyalgia
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fibromyalgia/DS00079

National Fibromyalgia and Chronic Pain Association—What is Fibromyalgia?
https://www.fmcpaware.org/aboutfibromyalgia.html

American College of Rheumatology—Fibromyalgia
https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Fibromyalgia

Web MD—Fibromyalgia Health Center
http://www.webmd.com/fibromyalgia/default.htm

 

Fracture

NIH—Medline Plus-Fractures
https://medlineplus.gov/fractures.html

Medline Plus—Fracture Types
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/1096.htm

NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center-Preventing Falls and Related Fractures
https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/fracture/preventing-falls-and-related-fractures

NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center-Once is Enough: A Guide to Preventing Future Fractures
https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/fracture

NIH—National Institute on Aging-Prevent Falls and Fractures
https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/prevent-falls-and-fractures

Web MD—Understanding Bone Fractures-the Basics
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-fractures-basic-information

The Merck Manual Online Medicine Library-Overview of Fractures http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec21/ch309/ch309b.html

American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons—Fractures
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00139

 

Gastric ulcers

NIH—Medline Plus-Peptic Ulcer
https://medlineplus.gov/pepticulcer.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia-Peptic Ulcer
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000206.htm

The Mayo Clinic
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/peptic-ulcer/DS00242

The Merck Manual Online Medicine Library http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec02/ch013/ch013e.html

WebMD—What is a Peptic Ulcer?
https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/peptic-ulcer-overview#1

WebMD—Understanding Ulcers
https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/understanding-ulcers-basic-information#1

 

Glaucoma

NIH—Medline Plus-Glaucoma
https://medlineplus.gov/glaucoma.html

NIH-Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia-Glaucoma
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001620.htm

NIH—Medline Plus the Magazine—Glaucoma
https://medlineplus.gov/magazine/issues/spring15/articles/spring15pg14-16.html

NIH-Medline Plus-Eye Diseases
https://medlineplus.gov/eyediseases.html

The Merck Manual of Health and Aging http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual_ha/details/ad36_1.html

American Academy of Ophthalmology—What is Glaucoma?
https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-glaucoma

Glaucoma Research Foundation
http://www.glaucoma.org/

The Mayo Clinic
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/glaucoma/DS00283

 

Goiter

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia-Goiter http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001178.htm

NIH-Medline Plus-Thyroid Diseases
https://medlineplus.gov/thyroiddiseases.html

The Merck Manual Online Medical Library—Consumer Version—Hyperthyroidism http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch163/ch163b.html

The Mayo Clinic–Goiter
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/goiter/DS00217

American Thyroid Association-Goiter
https://www.thyroid.org/goiter/

endocrineweb—Thyroid Goiter Basics: What They Look Like and How to Treat Them
https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/goiters/thyroid-goiter-basics

WebMD—Understanding Goiter—The Basics
http://www.webmd.com/women/understanding-goiter-basics

Medscape
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/120034-overview

 

Gout

NIH—Medline Plus-Gout
https://medlineplus.gov/gout.html

NIH—National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases—Questions and Answers about Gout
https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/gout/

NIH—U.S. National Library of Medicine—Gout
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0022793/

NIH—U.S. National Library of Medicine—Fast Facts about Gout
https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/gout/gout_ff.asp

WebMD—Gout
http://www.webmd.com/arthritis/tc/gout-topic-overview#1

 

Heart Disease

NIH—Medline Plus—Heart Diseases
https://medlineplus.gov/heartdiseases.html

NIH—Medline Plus-How to Prevent Heart Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/howtopreventheartdisease.html

NIH—Medline Plus-Coronary Artery Disease
https://medlineplus.gov/coronaryarterydisease.html

NIH—Medline Plus-Heart Failure-Overview
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000158.htm

CDC—Heart Disease-Educational Materials for Patients
http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/materials_for_patients.htm

Fact Sheet—Heart Disease   http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/docs/consumered_heartdisease.pdf

Men and Heart Disease Fact Sheet  http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_men_heart.htm

Women and Heart Disease Fact Sheet    http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_women_heart.htm

Heart Failure Fact Sheet   http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_failure.htm

The Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack    http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heartattack.htm

American Heart Association—Heart Valve Problems and Disease
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Heart-Valve-Problems-and-Disease_UCM_450280_SubHomePage.jsp

Mayo Clinic—Heart Disease
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353118

 

Hiatal Hernia

NIH—Medline Plus-Hiatal Hernia
https://medlineplus.gov/hiatalhernia.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Hiatal Hernia
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001137.htm

Web MD—Hiatal Hernia
http://www.webmd.com/heartburn-gerd/hiatal-hernia

Mayo Clinic-Hiatal Hernia
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiatal-hernia/DS00099

eMedicine Health
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/hiatal_hernia/page3_em.htm

 

Inhalant Abuse

NIH—National Institute on Drug Abuse—Inhalants
https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/inhalants

NIH—National Institute on Drug Abuse—Drug Facts: Inhalants
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/inhalants

NIH—National Insitutue on Drug Abuse—What are the other medical consequences of inhalant abuse?
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/inhalants/what-are-other-medical-consequences-inhalant-abuse

NIH-National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens:  Inhalants
https://teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/inhalants

Alliance for Consumer Education—Dangers and Effects of Inhalant Abuse
http://www.consumered.org/learn/inhalant-abuse/dangers-effects

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services—Tips for Teens:  The Truth About Inhalants
https://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//PHD631/PHD631.pdf

 

Kawasaki Disease

NIH—Medline Plus—Kawasaki Disease   http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000989.htm

Kid’s Health from Nemours– Kawasaki disease
http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/heart/kawasaki.html

Mayo Clinic—Kawasaki disease
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/kawasaki-disease/DS00576

The Kawasaki Disease Foundation—Caring for Precious Hearts
http://www.kdfoundation.org/

CDC—Kawaskai disease
https://www.cdc.gov/kawasaki/

Mayo Clinic—Kawasaki Disease—Symptoms and Causes
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kawasaki-disease/symptoms-causes/dxc-20259787

Merck Manual Consumer Version—Kawasaki Disease
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/children-s-health-issues/miscellaneous-disorders-in-infants-and-young-children/kawasaki-disease

KidsHealth—Kawasaki Disease
http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/kawasaki.html

 

Kidney stones    

NIH—Medline Plus
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/kidneystones.html

The Merck Manual Online Medical Library –Stones in the Urinary Tract http://www.merck.com/mmhe/print/sec11/ch148/ch148c.html

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/Kudiseases/pubs/stones_ez/

The Mayo Clinic
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/kidney-stones/DS00282

Web MD—Kidney Stones Health Center
http://www.webmd.com/kidney-stones/kidney-stones-topic-overview

 

Lead poisoning            

NIH—Medline Plus—Lead Poisoning
https://medlineplus.gov/leadpoisoning.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Lead Poisoning
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002473.htm

NIH—National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences-Lead
https://kids.niehs.nih.gov/topics/pollution/lead/index.htm

NIH—National Institute of Environmental Health Science—Kids Environment Kids Health-The Lead Busters Club
https://kids.niehs.nih.gov/activities/stories/lead-busters-club/index.htm

United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—Lead
https://www.epa.gov/lead

Merck Manual Consumer Version—Lead Poisoning
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/injuries-and-poisoning/poisoning/lead-poisoning

 

Macular Degeneration

NIH Medline Plus Health Topics—Macular Degeneration http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/maculardegeneration.html

NIH-National Eye Institute (NEI)-Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration
https://nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/armd_facts

Mayo Clinic—Dry Macular Degeneration—Symptoms and Causes
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-macular-degeneration/symptoms-causes/dxc-20164888

Mayo Clinic—Wet Macular Degeneration—Symptoms and Causes
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wet-macular-degeneration/symptoms-causes/syc-20351107

CDC—Learn About Age-Related Macular Degeneration
https://www.cdc.gov/features/healthyvisionmonth/index.html

CDC—Vision Health Initiative (VHI)—National Data and Statistics
https://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/data/national.htm

CDC: The New Smoking Story—Going Blind
https://www.cdc.gov/features/smoking-eyesight/index.html

 

Meniscus Tear

NIH—Medline Plus—Meniscal Tears-Image and Overview
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/9621.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Meniscus Tears Aftercare
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000684.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Knee Injuries and Disorders
https://medlineplus.gov/kneeinjuriesanddisorders.html

NIH—PodcastMed—Arthroscopy for Treatment of a Meniscus Tear
https://www.broadcastmed.com/4229/videos/knee-arthroscopy-for-treatment-of-a-meniscus-tear?view=displayPageNLM

Orthopedics  About.com—Options for Torn Meniscus Tear or Knee Cartilage Treatment
http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/meniscusinjuries1/a/meniscus.htm

The Mayo Clinic—Knee Pain and Injuries
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/knee-pain/ds00555/dsection=symptoms

 

Migraine                   

NIH—Medline Plus—Migraine
https://medlineplus.gov/migraine.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Migraine
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000709.htm

NIH Medline Plus-The Magazine—What is Migraine?
https://medlineplus.gov/magazine/issues/fall15/articles/fall15pg4-5.html

NIH-PubMed Health-Migraine
htts://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024778/

Mayo Clinic—Migraine-Overview, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/symptoms-causes/dxc-20202434

WebMD—Migraine and Headaches Health Center
http://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/default.htm

Merck Manual Consumer Version—Migraines
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/brain-spinal-cord-and-nerve-disorders/headaches/migraines

 

Oral Cancer

NIH—Medline Plus—Oral Cancer
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001035.htm

NIH—National Cancer Institute— General Information About Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer    http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/lip-and-oral-cavity/patient

NIH—National Cancer Institute—Oral Cancer Prevention  http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/prevention/oral/patient

NIH—National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research—Are You At Risk for Oral Cancer? What African American Men Need to Know    http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/OralCancer/AfricanAmericanMen/oral_exam_brochure.htm

American Cancer Society—Learn About Cancer:  Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer Detailed Guide http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/OralCavityandOropharyngealCancer/DetailedGuide/index

Mayo Clinic—Mouth Cancer
http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/mouth-cancer/DS01089/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all

Oral Cancer Foundation—Oral Cancer Facts
http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/

 

Osteoporosis           

NIH—Medline Plus—Osteoporosis
https://medlineplus.gov/osteoporosis.html

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia-Osteoporosis
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000360.htm

National Osteoporosis Foundation—What is Osteoporosis and What Causes It?
https://www.nof.org/patients/what-is-osteoporosis/

Mayo Clinic—Osteoporosis
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968

eMedicinehealth—Osteoporosis
https://www.emedicinehealth.com/osteoporosis/article_em.htm

healthline—What do You Want to Know About Osteoporosis?
https://www.healthline.com/health/osteoporosis

 

Phlebitis                     

NIH—Medline Plus— Deep Vein Thrombosis
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000156.htm

NIH—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute—Deep Vein Thrombosis
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Dvt/DVT_WhoIsAtRisk.html

NIH—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dvt

Mayo Clinic—Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/deep-vein-thrombosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20352557

WebMD—What is Phlebitis?
https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/phlebitis#1

eMedicinehealth—Phlebitis
https://www.emedicinehealth.com/phlebitis/article_em.htm

 

Pneumothorax

NIH—Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia—Collapsed Lung http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000087.htm

NIH—Collapsed Lung
https://medlineplus.gov/collapsedlung.html

NIH—National Heart Lung and Blood Institute—Explore How the Lungs Work http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/hlw/hlw_what.html

NIH—PubMed Health—Pneumothorax
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0023382/

Mayo Clinic—Pneumothorax http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/pneumothorax/DS00943/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print

American Lung Association
http://www.lungusa.org/

eMedicine Health—Collapsed Lung Symptoms, Causes, and Outlook
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/collapsed_lung/article_em.htm

 

Pulmonary Fibrosis

NIH—Medline Plus—  Pulmonary fibrosis http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000069.htm

NIH—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)—How the Lungs Work http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/hlw/hlw_what.html

NIH—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)—What is Respiratory Failure?
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/rf

Mayo Clinic—Pulmonary Fibrosis
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-fibrosis/home/ovc-20211752

Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation
http://www.pulmonaryfibrosis.org/life-with-pf/about-pf

 

Retinal Detachment

NIH—Medline Plus—  Retinal detachment
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001027.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Retinal Detachment
https://medlineplus.gov/retinaldetachment.html

NIH—Medline Plus—Retinal detachment repair—Series and Indications
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100132_2.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Eyes and Vision
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100132_2.htm

NIH—PubMed Health—Retinal Detachment
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0023020/

Mayo Clinic—Retinal Detachment
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/retinal-detachment/DS00254

 

Reye Syndrome

NIH—Medline Plus—Reye Syndrome http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001565.htm

NIH—National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke—Reye Syndrome
https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Reyes-Syndrome-Information-Page

Mayo Clinic—Reye Syndrome
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/reyes-syndrome/DS00142

American Liver Foundation—Reye Syndrome   http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/reye/

 

Scoliosis

NIH—Medline Plus—Scoliosis
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001241.htm

NIH—National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases—Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scoliosis/scoliosis_ff.asp

Spine-health—Scoliosis: What You Need to Know
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/scoliosis/scoliosis-what-you-need-know

Spine-health—Scoliosis Video: What is Scoliosis?
https://www.spine-health.com/video/scoliosis-video-what-scoliosis

Kid’s Health from Nemours—Treating Scoliosis http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/bones/scoliosis.html

WebMD—What is Scoliosis and What Causes It?
https://www.webmd.com/back-pain/causes-scoliosis#1
 

Skin Cancer

NIH-National Cancer Institute —Skin Cancer, Patient Version
https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin

NIH—Medline Plus—Skin Cancer
https://medlineplus.gov/skincancer.html

NIH-News in Health-Sun and Skin, The Dark Side of Sun Exposure
https://newsinhealth.nih.gov/2014/07/sun-skin

NIH-National Cancer Institute—Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer
https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/anyone-can-get-skin-cancer

American Academy of Dermatology—“Suntelligence” Survey
https://www.aad.org/suntelligence/quiz.aspx

The Skin Cancer Foundation
http://www.skincancer.org/

MedicineNet—Skin Cancer
https://www.medicinenet.com/skin_cancer_overview/article.htm

American Academy of Dermatology—Types of Skin Cancer
https://www.aad.org/public/spot-skin-cancer/learn-about-skin-cancer/types-of-skin-cancer

Web MD—Precancerous Skin Lesions and Skin Cancer Slideshow—The Warning Signs of Skin Cancer
https://www.webmd.com/melanoma-skin-cancer/ss/slideshow-skin-lesions-and-cancer

 

Skull fracture

NIH—Medline Plus—Skull Fracture
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000060.htm

NIH—Medline Plus—Head Injuries
https://medlineplus.gov/headinjuries.html

Healthline—Skull Fractures
https://www.healthline.com/health/skull-fracture

Merck Manual Consumer version—Skull Fracture
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/injuries-and-poisoning/head-injuries/skull-fracture

Medscape—Skull Fracture Treatment and Management
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/248108-treatment

John Hopkins Medicine—Health Library—Head Injury
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/nervous_system_disorders/head_injury_85,P00785

 

Stroke

NIH—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute—What is a Stroke?
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/stroke/

NIH—Medline Plus—Stroke
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000726.htm

NIH-National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke—Definition, Treatment , Prognosis, Clinical Trials
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/knowstroke.htm

NIH-National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke— What You Need to Know About Stroke
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/stroke_needtoknow.htm

NIH-Medline Plus—Stroke
https://medlineplus.gov/stroke.html

NIH-National Institute of Neurological Disorders—Know Stroke
https://stroke.nih.gov/materials/actintime.htm

National Stroke Association—Effects of Stroke: Physical, Emotional, Cognition http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=EFFECT

Family Doctor.org—Stroke
https://familydoctor.org/condition/stroke/?adfree=true

 

Toxic shock syndrome

NIH—Medline Plus—Toxic Shock Syndrome http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000653.htm

Mayo Clinic—Toxic Shock Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Complications and Prevention
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/toxic-shock-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355384

Teens Health for Nemours—Toxic Shock Syndrome http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/tss.html

Web MD—Understanding Toxic Shock Syndrome—The Basics
https://www.webmd.com/women/guide/understanding-toxic-shock-syndrome-basics#1

Kid’s Health—Toxic Shock Syndrome http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/toxic_shock.html

Medicine Net—Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
https://www.medicinenet.com/toxic_shock_syndrome_tss/article.htm

eMedicine Health—Toxic Shock Syndrome http://www.emedicinehealth.com/toxic_shock_syndrome/article_em.htm

 

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